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Sam’s invocation of Elbereth at Cirith Ungol, preparatory version
Gnomish & Noldorin

O Elbereth Gilthoniel
silevrin pennar óriel
hîr avas-eithen míriel
a tíro ’men Gilthoniel!

This first version of Sam’s invocation comes from drafts for The Lord of the Rings and was published in The War of the Ring, p. 218. Many words can be recognised, but the global meaning is difficult to get; no full and satisfactory interpretation has been published till now.

The text is transcribed in Elvish runes or cirth according to Tolkien’s given valuation in the Angerthas Daeron. We made use of Daniel Steven Smith’s typeface Cirth Erebor.  Open this mode in Glaemscribe

Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel. The War of the Ring: The History of The Lord of the Rings, part three. Edited by Christopher Tolkien. London: HarperCollins, 2002. 476 p. (The History of Middle-earth; VIII). ISBN 0-261-10223-0.

The works of John Ronald Reuel and Christopher Tolkien are under the copyright of their authors and/or rights holders, including their publishers and the Tolkien Estate.
Quotations from other authors, editors and translators mentioned in the bibliography are under the copyright of their publishers, except for those whose copyright term has ended.
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